“And you, are you going to boycott?” For some, the issue is almost a matter of conscience. Whether or not to watch the FIFA World Cup in Qatar, in a context marked by the many human, social and ecological aberrations of the event? A few days before the start of the World Cup organized in the emirate, on November 20, this debate torments football fans, temporary supporters and others.
The first to have really lit the fuse of the boycott is called Eric Cantona. In January, the former footballer turned actor had said all the bad things he thought about this competition, “which is not a real World Cup” and that he will not watch on television. “Qatar is not a country of football, had he advanced in the Daily Mail*. It’s only about the money, and the way they treated the people who build the stadiums is horrible, thousands of people died.”
Actor Vincent Lindon, author Virginie Despentes, German football world champion Philipp Lahm… Other media and sports figures have since joined the camp of the boycott of this event which crystallizes the debates. LTheir reasons are numerous: non-respect of workers’ rights, with the death of several thousand workers in the country since 2010, according to a survey by the British daily The Guardian*, ecological aberration, rights of women and LGBT+ people or even suspicions of corruption when the competition was awarded in 2010.
“It’s the World Cup of scandal, the one that illustrates all the excesses of football, it’s almost caricatural, gets carried away the writer Olivier Guez, big fan of round ball. Football has become a huge entertainment industry. I was offered to go, I said no. A World Cup is however a rare, unique moment, “a period when we fall back into childhood”.
He won’t go to Qatar either. Soufyane Guesmia, 33, including seven to follow the Blues around the world, will boycott “100% the World Cup”. However, football is his life, his passion, so much so that he traveled 70 hours by bus with the group of Irrésistibles Français supporters to reach the base camp of the French team in Istra (Russia) during the Cup of the world 2018. “I won’t go and watch a game. Six thousand five hundred workers are dead, and Qatar is talking [pour une majorité de cas] of ‘natural deaths’. What cynicism!” plague this supporter of the Red Star.
“I have values and I need to be consistent with myself. If I had decided to go to Qatar, on these infrastructures built on blood, I would not have been able to look at myself in a mirror.”Soufyane Guesmia, member of the Irresistibles Français
The speech of this supporter of the Blues joins that of Vincent Lindon, who will also boycott the Qatari World Cup. “We are in a giant asylum: the same year, there are Winter Games in a country where there is no snow [en Chine] and [une Coupe du monde] in a country where it is 60°C in the shade. It’s an ecological aberration.”launched the actor on the set of “C à vous”, at the end of August.
“No respect for human rights, ecological aberration… but we are in a giant asylum!”
Should footballers boycott the World Cup in Qatar? Vincent Lindon’s rant on the set of #ThisYou ⬇️ pic.twitter.com/X0sDX73RwE
— C to you (@cavousf5) August 30, 2022
In addition to the violated human rights – the magazine “Complément d’Enquête” revealed in particular the indecent living conditions of the “little hands” of the Hotel des Bleus in Qatar – the ecological disaster tenses the fans. In question, in particular, the carbon footprint of the competition, the stadiums and metros built for the event or the 160 daily planes to transport supporters from the neighboring countries where they will be staying, according to The Obs.
“We do not have the right to close our eyes to a reality that everyone knows”, believes Jean-François Debat, PS mayor of Bourg-en-Bresse (Ain), “Support the Greens” of Saint-Etienne and a great reader of The Team. “In my city, we may be closing swimming pools this winter because of energy costs and depriving children of a hobby so that at the same time, we are going to air-condition stadiums”, laments the chosen one, who will not organize anything in particular in his city and will not watch a minute of the competition on TV.
“On the one hand, there are millions of people exploited to build air-conditioned stadiums and, on the other, a competition which will generate enormous profits for the federations, the sponsors, the broadcasters, Qatar”, regrets Maëlle, an activist in the environmental civil disobedience movement Extinction Rebellion and member of the Red Card collective, qhe calls for a boycott.
In front of “a human and environmental disaster and a revolting ecological aberration”she contemplates with her movement “actions during the World Cup to raise awareness”. “If, after this World Cup, the world of football takes more account of social and environmental issues, it will already be a victory. The idea is to create something”, she judges.
Mobilizing is also the credo of Flavien Rosso and Dorine Brouwer. The first is responsible for the sports department of the Reunion newspaperthe second manager of a bar in Redon, Ille-et-Vilaine, and the two will boycott the competition.
“It’s not a satisfactory solution, but it’s the best way to ring the alarm bells,” Explain Flavien Rossowhose newspaper does not have the means to send a reporter to Qatar anyway. “We will not talk about the sporting aspect, because we believe that it is difficult to get excited about this event, but we will relay the side effects, any events.” This choice involves constraints – “Whether McDonald’s communicates on the event, we will not take its ads” – and tensions internally, but Flavien Rosso assures us: the daily “will boycott until the end, even if France goes to the final and wins”.
Dorine Brouwer took over the bar Le Nautic, a small troquet which borders the Vilaine in Redon, in June. This Dutch girl, “always in orange on match days”, will not broadcast the matches and will not watch those of his country of origin. Even though she might lose money, she hopes her bar “will become the haunt of those who boycott”. “If I broadcast matches, it means implicitly that I am in agreement with this World Cup. And I am not”, she explains.
Paris, Marseilles, Lyons, Bordeaux, Lille… At the beginning of October, many cities also announced their wish not to broadcast the competition on a giant screen, for moral, but also economic reasons, in the midst of the energy crisis. The mayor of the northern capital, Martine Aubry, thus qualified the holding of the World Cup as “nonsense with regard to human rights, the environment and sport”. “If I were head of state – I am no longer so my position is easy – I would not go to Qatar“, for his part declared François Hollande, who did not specify whether he would watch the competition.
“If I were head of state, I wouldn’t go to Qatar. »
— THE TEAM (@theteam) September 22, 2022
“It’s a personal choice, but not only”judge for his part the former presidential candidate of the NPA Philippe Poutou, for whom these actions “exert pressure in the face of the cynicism of the political world and the neutrality of sport which puts aside all human dramas”. “Sport is a tool of propaganda and instrumentalization in the service of the powers, but it can also be a tool of protest.”
As for the members of the main association of supporters of the Blues, they will be “six times less” many in Qatar than four years ago in Russia. Fabien Bonnel, founding member of Les Irrésistibles Français, explains: “The whole system works around the supporters: without them, no audience, therefore no television rights. If we want Fifa to move, we have to show it that we are not simpletons.”
* Links followed by an asterisk are in English.
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